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Governments in a wide range of contexts have long pursued policies of social mixing to disperse poverty concentrations, attract middle-class residents and manage disadvantaged neighborhoods. Drawing on the case of Amsterdam this chapter shows that the dominant instruments to facilitate social mixing have changed over time. The policy focus has shifted from large-scale urban renewal projects and the demolition of social-rental housing to the sale of existing social-rental dwellings. The changing nature of tenure restructuring is also expressed through a changing geography: while urban renewal concentrated in post-war neighborhoods where market processes spur downgrading, social-housing sales increasingly concentrate in inner-city neighborhoods where market processes are facilitated to spur gentrification.
The Netherlands had been considered a key example of a ‘unitary’ rental market in which social and private rental sectors are in direct competition with each other. This unitary market has been more recently undermined however, by changes in the status of housing associations, the privatization of social housing stock and the promotion of home ownership.
The post socialist restructuring of Romania was marked by an abrupt retrenchment of the state and, subsequently, the resurgence of familial interdependencies. A particular arena where this has played out has been the housing system. State rental housing privatization in the 1990s led to mass homeownership, but for young adults seeking autonomous living since then, entering the homeownership market has become increasingly dependent on family resources.
Major post-industrial cities across Europe and other contexts are marked by growing social-spatial inequalities, with housing liberalization and gentrification limiting low-income households’ housing options. We investigate changes in the residential moves of different low-income households (working poor, low-to-middle incomes, and unemployed). These moves represent the nexus where issues of displacement, exclusion and housing affordability come to the fore.
A set of process-related barriers negatively determines the effectiveness of EIA in transport planning. Recent research highlights in particular the unstructured stakeholder involvement and inefficient public participation during the scoping phase of EIA as key bottlenecks. While the academic literature has produced several promising theories for addressing these barriers, they have rarely been translated into solutions applicable and testable in practice.
The bicycle is often understood as a disjointed ‘feeder’ mode that provides access to public transport. In this paper, it is argued that combined use of the bicycle and public transport should be understood in a broader perspective, especially where bicycles link to higher speed and higher capacity public transport, such as the train.
During the heydays of suburbanization, housing pathways reflected an escape from urban environments commonly perceived as run-down. Currently however the middle classes are attracted by inner-cities, while suburbs are transforming to heterogeneous and diverse settlements. The contradiction between the continued suburban growth vis-a-vis the resurgence of urbanization raises questions about the kind of aspirations that have been and continue to be relevant to the new migration to suburban settlements. What are the aspirations of old and new movers to the new town Almere?
Focusing on Amsterdam, this paper examines the role of racialized spatial imaginaries in legitimizing urban inequalities by reviewing the popular Dutch film "Alleen Maar Nette Mensen". What are the connections between race, class and space? How are these connections represented in this particular movie?
Although Planning Support Systems (PSS) were, and are still, seen as very promising for improving urban planning practices, several decades of developing generations of such technologies have not bridged the implementation gap. To close this gap, a realistic evaluation of what works and what doesn’t is needed. In this paper Marco te Brömmelstroet present a framework to support such evaluation based on the ‘quality of planning’ concept. This framework is subsequently used to assess the added value of a state-of-the-art PSS. In a controlled experiment he tests if there are systematic differences on planning quality between an assisted planning process supported by a PSS and an unassisted planning process, without a PSS.
Numbers of one-person households in East Asia have expanded dramatically in recent decades, especially among younger cohorts living in cities. This shift derives from specific changes in economic conditions and neoliberal policy influences that have interacted with family and marriage norms as well as housing market conditions.
Several theoretical debates in gentrification literature deal with the role and importance of migration, incumbent social mobility, and demographic change in urban social change. These debates primarily focus on structural processes. However, we have comparatively little insight into how and to what degree different mechanisms actually underpin upgrading in urban neighbourhoods. This paper uses Dutch register data to show how migration, social mobility and demographic change each contribute to gentrification in Amsterdam and Rotterdam.
The social relationship between an individual and their residential environment is shaped by a range of housing market rules and regulations, by residential choice and by constraints.
Suburbanisation has been a prevalent process of post-war, capitalist urban growth, leading to the majority of citizens in many advanced capitalist economies currently living in the suburbs. We are also witnessing however the reverse movement of the increasing return to the inner-city. This contradiction raises questions regarding the socio-spatial production of current suburbanisation.
The changing international division of labour presents opportunities for developing countries to attract foreign investments and generate employment in the offshore service sector. What spatial transformations occur as a result of these investments in the Philippines, why do they occur and what is their impact on existing spatial inequalities and the broader economic landscape of the Philippines?
Public space is a struggle. The end, and ends, of public space continue to be struggled over in the streets and parks, in city council chambers and corporate boardrooms, at police headquarters and the ballot box.
Although social organizations are considered a vital aspect of life in urban neighborhoods, little research examines how neighborhood context influences organizational vitality. Focusing on the case of immigrant organizations in Amsterdam, this paper thus looks into the interplay of organizational and neighborhood characteristics on organizational survival over time.
In context of poorly performing national economies and sustained employment insecurity since the Global Financial Crisis of 2007-2008, various UK and US studies have suggested that access for younger people to independent living, and to owner-occupied housing in particular, has been in decline.
North America may be considered the ‘birthplace’ of the prototypical 20th century suburb. From there, common usage of the terms suburb and suburbanization spread to the rest of the Western world, and then across the globe. It has become commonplace to say that the world is experiencing an urban revolution but one could well argue that, more precisely, most of the present-day growth of urban populations occurs in suburbs or other peri-urban areas.
While patterns of housing policy, production and occupation are quite diverse, housing interventions in developed East Asian economies have historically focused on high volume housing output targeted at economically productive, male-headed family households.